The Acropolis was a scene of conflict during the Greek Revolution, causing additional damage to the monuments. At the same time, the growing interest from Europeans in the culture of Classical Greece resulted in the looting of antiquities. First among these was Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin (aka, Lord Elgin). With a vague firman from the Sultan and after bribing Ottoman officialsψ, Elgin managed to extract a large number of the pediment carvings, metopes and parts of the Parthenon frieze, a Caryatid and an Erechtheion column, as well as several parts of the frieze of the temple of Athena Nike. Today, the loot remains in the British Museum.
There are only a few monuments of the Ottoman period that are preserved today. Among these are the Fetiye Mosque inside the Roman Agora, the House of George Finlay and Richard Church in Plaka that also housed a Turkish police station, and the Benizelos House in Plaka that is the last surviving Ottoman-style mansion in Athens. The building of the Madrasah of Athens, the Islamic seminary built in the 17th century, has mostly been destroyed but a single entrance remains in place to the north of the Tower of the Winds. On the branches of the old plane tree in the courtyard, convicts were hanged during the time of King Otto.