Gradually the settlements expanded. Traces can be found of their relations and contact with settlements in other areas of Greece. The Athenian way of life adapted to Mycenaean cultural habits, but there were also long periods when they seemed to be isolated from the rest of Greece, uninvolved with other settlements with traditions preserved for long periods of time.
By the 8th century BCE, Athens once again entered a period of expansion. A new form of organization emerged – the city-state – and writing returned after centuries. A new world of literature began to flourish. The first small temple dedicated to Athena was built on the Acropolis on the site of the ruined Mycenaean palace, and many other public buildings and sanctuaries were added before the end of the 7th century.
Gradually the Acropolis became the religious center of Athens, the Ancient Agora became the center of the political life of the city, and the city-state gradually begins to take shape as a democracy. Athens was undergoing vast social and political changes, and at the dawn of a new era was eventually completely reorganized.