European Union

Archaeological Sites

The Acropolis
Athens’ most iconic historical site was built in the 5th century BC. The ‘Sacred Rock’ of the Athenians is known worldwide for its architectural masterpieces, including the Parthenon, a monument of startling simplicity and beauty.

The Acropolis has been inhabited since Neolithic times, while its peculiar geology makes it a natural fortress as the craggy plateau sits atop a sheer drop. At about 150 metres above sea level, it is half the height of Lycabettus but a much harder climb.

Interesting fact: Discovered by Greek archaeologists in 1821, the Klepsydra spring powered Andronicos’ water clock in the Tower of Winds. During the Greek war of independence, it provided refreshment for the Greek fighters under siege in 1827.

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Athens, Greece

 

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